Kidney Transplantation: подробная информация
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Kidney Transplantation

Kidney transplantation is performed in case of impaired renal function that impedes normal human activity and is a surgical operation to transplant a person a kidney received from a donor. Hemodialysis is a method of extrarenal blood purification that ensures the vital activity of the patient's body in the absence of a donor or during his search.

 

The purpose of transplantation is not only to restore the kidney, but also to improve the quality of life of the patient. According to the results of observations, it was found that organ transplantation in cases of renal failure contributes to the achievement of positive results in the rehabilitation period, allows patients to live a rich and productive life, and unlike hemodialysis, improves the morale of patients. It is known that the hemodialysis procedure has an undesirable effect on the daily life of many patients, making them to interrupt their work or school activities. The transplant is an organ that again gives a person freedom, since before a kidney transplant the patient’s life is forced to be attached to a hemodialysis machine.

 

Patients who due to renal failure must undergo the hemodialysis procedure have to adapt to new living conditions. They face a number of problems, ranging from material and professional losses, a decrease in the level of social activity, distance from relatives and friends, ending with complete uncertainty about the state of health. When serious health problems are added to these changes in the usual way of life, many begin to experience psychological stress. Despite the fact that the postoperative period, including enhanced drug treatment and accurate adherence to all doctor's prescriptions for 3 months, is rather difficult for some patients, but by the end of the first year after surgery, positive changes are observed in patients compared with the hemodialysis period in physiological and psychological state. Patients who underwent a kidney transplant operation again feel a surge of strength, show their previous social and physical activity.

A kidney transplant can be obtained from living people (usually relatives up to the 4th degree of kinship) or from the dead. Organ transplantation operations allow patients with heart, liver and kidney failure to live a full life.

Kidney transplantation is carried out only if hemodialysis does not give positive results...

This is completely untrue. Renal function worsens gradually. When the kidneys begin to function 20% or even less over time, additional measures must be taken. This is either hemodialysis or kidney transplantation. The sooner transplantation is performed, the better results of the operation. Hemodialysis is not a treatment for kidney failure. Kidney transplantation operations performed before hemodialysis was prescribed to give more successful results. Even if the patient cannot find the donor in time, hemodialysis should be carried out as rarely as possible and every effort should be made to carry out organ transplantation as soon as possible. After all, the success of the operation depends on this, as well as the life of the kidney and the life expectancy of the patient.

 

Only first-degree relatives (mother, father, siblings) can be donors ...

According to the law, relatives up to the 4th degree of kinship can be donors.

Degrees of blood relationship:

Relatives of the first degree: mother, father, child.

Relatives of the second degree: sisters, brothers, grandmother, grandfather, grandchildren.

Relatives of the third degree: uncles, aunts along the lines of father / mother, nephews (children of a brother, sister).

Relatives of the fourth degree: children of relatives of the third degree.

In the case of kinship through marriage, relatives of the spouse are evaluated in the same way.

 

Transplantation is not possible with incompatibility of blood and tissues...

This is absolutely wrong. For many years, tissue compatibility was considered an indispensable condition. However, scientific studies show that the results of transplantations at 100% compatibility of donor and recipient tissues are no different from transplantations, at 90% and 10% of tissue compatibility. This fact has scientific evidence

Is blood type compatibility a sufficient condition for kidney transplantation?

Blood group compatibility is sufficient for kidney transplantation. However, there are a number of exceptions. For example, an organ of any blood group can be transplanted to a recipient of group AB, and a donor with group 0 can provide organs to recipients with any blood group. The donor must pass around 50 tests. It takes about 2 days. If there are no problems, then transplantation can be performed on the third day after the arrival of a potential donor and recipient at the clinic. The donor is discharged on the 5th day after the operation, and the recipient on the 7th.

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The percentage of successful operations is quite high. Out of 100 transplantations, 97-98 are successful annually. Among patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy, the death rate is 15 out of 100 cases. Kidney transplantation increases the duration and quality of life, and surgery is many times cheaper than therapy used to treat progressive functional organ failure, such as hemodialysis. Patients cease to be dependent on the apparatus and gain their previous working capacity. There are recipients living with a donor kidney for 20 years. Bachelors and married people continue their active daily lives, become parents and open their own companies. We can achieve similar results with transplanting other organs. Transplantation is an effective method for future patients with diseases of the heart, liver and kidneys.

* Do not follow a diet

* They devote their time to loved ones and work

* Can work full time and do any work

* Do not have travel restrictions

* Attend school regularly

* Play their favorite games

* Grow normally and develop

* Have a high probability of having a baby

* Happy regaining a taste for life

* Hope and joy reign in their home

* Swim in the sea

* Life expectancy doubles compared with patients undergoing hemodialysis

* Transplantation costs them half the cost of hemodialysis

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